On our Independence Day here are a few facts about our Country….
India, officially The Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by geographical area, the second most populous country.
Capital: New Delhi
Government: Federal Republic
President: APJ Abdul Kalam
Prime Minister:Manmohan Singh
Independence from the UK-Dominion 15 August 1947
Republic 26 January 1950
Total Area: 3287590 sq. km
Population: 1,027,015,247[2001 census]
1,103,371,000 [2005 est.]
GDP: -Total $3.633 trillion (2005 estimate)
Per capita $3,344 (2005 estimate)
National Emblem: Sarnath Lion
National Anthem: Jana Gana Mana
National Song: Vande Matram
National Animal:Bengal Tiger
National Bird: Indian Peacock
National Flower: Lotus
National Tree: Banyan
National Fruit: Mango
National Sport: Field Hockey
National Calendar: Saka
India is the largest democratic country as it has the largest voting population in the democratic world. It operates under the Westminster parliamentary system. Legislature, Executive, Judiciary are the branches of the government.
The President of India is the Head of State, though only a ceremonial one & is indirectly elected be an “Electoral College” for 5 yrs. He is also the Supreme Commander of the Armed forces.
The Prime Minister is the head of the government & has the executive powers. The Union Council of Ministers with the PM advises the president.
In the early twentieth century, a nationwide struggle for independence was launched by the Indian National Congerss, and various revolutionary groups. The movement was largely led by Mahatma Gandhi, with Gopal Krishna Gokhle , Lala Lajpat Rai, Bal Gangadhar Tilak,Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel,Jawaharlal Nehru, and Subhas Chandra Bose playing important roles. Millions of protestors would engage in mass campaigns of civil disobedience with a commitment to ahimsa or non-violence. Finally, on 15 August 1947 India gained independence from British rule. Three years later, on 26 January 1950, India chose to be a republic, and a new Constitution came into effect.
Since independence, India has seen sectarian violence and insurgencies in various parts of the country, but has maintained its unity and democracy. It has unresolved territorial disputes with China, which escalated into the brief Sino-Indian War in 1962; and with Pakistan, which resulted in wars in 1947,1965,1971 and in 1999 in Kargil. India is a founding member of the Non-Alogned Movement and the United Nations (as part of British India). In 1974, India conducted an underground nuclear test. This was followed by five more tests in 1998. Significant economic reforms beginning in 1991 have transformed India into one of the fastest-growing economies in the world.
Its been 60 yrs since independence……we have achieved a lot fighting advese conditions, but it is not enough. A lot is still left to do……..Go Go GO!!!